Aksiologi keilmuan

logo EU

ESA160 – 7 – Axiology

  1. Axiology adalah bidang yang mempelajari kegunaan ilmu pengetahuan bagi umat manusia. Axiology adalah Ilmu pengetahuan yang menyelidiki tentang hakekat nilai.
  2. Saat ilmuwan dan agamawan mempunyai paham geosentris yang mengartikan  ilmu dan nilai-nilai merupakan dua hal terpisah
  3. Saat Copernicus (1473-1543) menemukan teori heliosentris terjadi interaksi dan friksi antara ilmu dengan nilai-nilai
  4. Interaksi dan friksi berkembang menjadi pertarungan karena para agamawan menganggap bahwa ilmu dan nilai moral tidak dapat dipisahkan, sedangkan para ilmuwan memandang bahwa ilmu bebas dari nilai-nilai
  5. Setelah lebih kurang bertarung selama 250 tahun,  pertarungan tersebut kemudian dimenangkan oleh para ilmuwan, sehingga ilmu meneliti alam apa adanya, dan tidak terkait dengan aspek nilai
  6. Ketika ilmu pengetahuan menjelma menjadi teknologi, friksi dengan nilai-nilai timbul kembali. Timbulnya friksi, karena teknologi bukan hanya menjelaskan tetapi juga  mengontrol dan mengarahkan
  7. Ilmuwan terpecah dua golongan, golongan I (ilmu bebas nilai) dan golongan II (ilmu netral dari segi ontology-nya saja)
  8. Sampai saat ini, ilmu pengetahuan alam (natural sciences) melukiskan obyek apa adanya, bebas tanggapan atau aspek ontology dan  epistemology–nya bebas nilai-nilai, sedangkan axiology (penggunaan) IPA menyangkut yang seharusnya terjadi atau menyangkut nilai-nilai atau tidak bebas nilai.
  9. Demikian pula dengan ilmu pengetahuan sosial (social sciences) yang dipandang bebas nilai hanya pada aspek ontology, sedangkan aspek epistemology dan axiology-nya menyangkut nilai-nilai, karena terkait dengan manusia yang mempunyai tujuan.

958 thoughts on “Aksiologi keilmuan”

  1. I think our healthcare system must be dealt with more like a business, increase competitors for low
    prices by allowing one to obtain private medical insurance ontario;
    Gaston,
    coverage from any state.

  2. The Patient Expense of Rights established a set of standards by which healthcare suppliers should perform themselves in patient care.

    Also visit my blog post: sock

  3. In 2014 I had a $1,000 health center bill that I had to pay since my insurance had actually not satisfied the deductible
    limitation yet.

    my web-site … along

  4. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a
    sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the
    shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it
    pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this
    is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

    Here is my web site; Metabo Matrix free trial (Antoinette)

  5. health insurance plans (Lashay) Coach Accreditations,
    noted as an online resource listed below,
    provides info on tasks, salaries, schools and accreditation programs.

  6. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your blog.
    You have some really great posts and I feel I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please shoot me an email if interested. Thanks!

  7. Look no additionally than the web if you are looking for Arizona
    medical private health insurance companies; Greg, for your post-retirement requirements.

  8. For example, if a pet is diagnosed with any kind of cancer of any organ of the body,
    then that health insurance uk (Eula)
    condition is not allowed the insurance protection.

  9. Even if healthcare service providers select not to change equipment with new
    technology, the expense of maintenance and repairs are large.

    Stop by my blog post badly

  10. You are entitled to NHS ‘primary care’ when you arrive
    in the UK. Medical care is care within General Practice
    and neighborhood centers.

    Take a look at my web blog; http://www.sonicsoultattoo.de/front_single/gb/ardguest.php/RK=0/RS=_bHO6k1UTQ6a0ACCp9BCh2Qrbm4-C383C283C382C283C383C286C383C2A2C382C280C382C299C383C283C382C282C383C282C382C2BFprimary

  11. Hi! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout
    out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your blog posts.

    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics?
    Thanks a ton!

  12. You made some good points there. I looked on the internet to find out more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with
    your views on this site.

    Here is my weblog garcinia cambogia liquid extract (Kent)

  13. They provide a more economical alternative, at least in comparison to exactly
    what one might find amongst managed care strategies.

    my web site; health insurance florida [Greg]

  14. Naturally, the payments of all the costs have to be preceded by a careful
    control of the performance of treatment.

    Also visit my web page – private medical insurance australia – Josh -

  15. Hey there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?

    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

    My homepage; garcinia cambogia vitamin shoppe [Rebbeca]

  16. The longer it is from the time you have actually stopped, the lower your private medical insurance australia compare
    (Gail)
    insurance rates may be.

  17. If you are an established agent with at least a few years of experience, it ought to be a little
    easier to obtain an E & private medical insurance brokers (Jorg) coverage.

  18. You only have to enter your insurance coverage needs together with some personal
    info, click on the suitable icons, and await the results.

    Also visit my site – sad

  19. You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the article you write.
    The sector hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe.
    At all times go after your heart.

  20. To compare quotes with uSwitch just supply your information and those of anyone else
    who you would like included on the policy.

    My web-site: health insurance plans (Yanira)

  21. The site has actually been produced to aid you find
    good deals on Bupa Medical insurance plans, conserving you time
    and money.

    Feel free to visit my website fish

  22. Specifically, with the growing Chinese population in the
    United States, it is probably a great market selling all kinds of health insurance marketplace (Russel) coverage to them.

  23. Because many group plans have sufficient members to cover to stabilize the costs of insuring people
    in excellent private health insurance (Tegan) as well as bad health, this is.

  24. For companies and physicians’ offices, these companies are seeing remarkable benefits to
    supplying health insurance texas (Silke) training to their staff.

  25. For those who hire personal coaches, these customers are usually looking for
    intensive assistance to enhance their health.

    Look into my website: aide

  26. Do not cancel your business insurance until you make sure that you have been accepted for the individual private health insurance texas (Kenneth) plan that you made an application for.

  27. If your assumptions are incorrect, you could
    be left facing insurmountable medical bills.

    Feel free to visit my webpage – private health insurance ontario (Sibyl)

  28. One of the things that you will certainly have to deal with when looking for cheap medical insurance for single mothers is this: a low
    deductible is NOT your good friend.

    my web site instead

  29. After going over a few of the blog posts on your website, I really appreciate your technique of blogging.
    I added it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Take a look
    at my website as well and let me know your opinion.

  30. However an investigation by the Daily Mail discovered individuals who had actually never lived
    or operated in the UK were able to get a card.

    Also visit my homepage … dot

  31. I am not sure the place you’re getting your information, however great
    topic. I needs to spend some time finding out more or working out more.
    Thanks for magnificent info I was on the lookout for this information for my mission.

    Here is my blog: garcinia cambogia free trial – Kandi
    -

  32. This permits them to obtain quotes from a number of business quickly
    so they can compare them and choose the very best
    rate.

    Feel free to surf to my website; roll

  33. I’ve been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet I
    never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me.
    Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.|
    I could not resist commenting. Very well written!|
    I will immediately clutch your rss feed as I can’t
    in finding your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Kindly allow me recognise in order that
    I may just subscribe. Thanks.|
    It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and
    it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some
    interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!|
    It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the long run and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve learn this put up and if I may just I wish to recommend you some attention-grabbing
    things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write subsequent articles referring to this
    article. I desire to learn even more issues about it!|
    I’ve been browsing online greater than three hours as of late, yet I by no means found any fascinating article like yours.
    It is pretty worth sufficient for me. Personally, if all
    site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the
    internet might be a lot more useful than ever before.|
    Ahaa, its nice discussion regarding this piece of writing at this place
    at this weblog, I have read all that, so now me also commenting
    at this place.|
    I am sure this post has touched all the internet viewers,
    its really really fastidious article on building up
    new weblog.|
    Wow, this post is pleasant, my sister is analyzing such things,
    so I am going to inform her.|
    bookmarked!!, I really like your blog!|
    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this
    article and also the rest of the website is extremely good.|
    Hi, I do think this is an excellent blog. I stumbledupon it ;) I am going to return once
    again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.|
    Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site. It’s simple, yet effective.
    A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual
    appearance. I must say that you’ve done a very good job with
    this. In addition, the blog loads very quick for me on Firefox.
    Exceptional Blog!|
    These are actually great ideas in regarding blogging. You have
    touched some good points here. Any way keep up wrinting.|
    I love what you guys are up too. This kind of clever work
    and exposure! Keep up the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated
    you guys to blogroll.|
    Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us
    so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m
    bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Excellent blog and
    amazing style and design.|
    I really like what you guys are usually up too. Such clever work and coverage!

    Keep up the terrific works guys I’ve included you guys
    to my personal blogroll.|
    Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a
    difficult time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking
    for something completely unique.
    P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!|
    Hi there would you mind letting me know which webhost
    you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet
    browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker
    then most. Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Many thanks, I appreciate it!|
    I really like it when folks come together and
    share thoughts. Great site, continue the good work!|
    Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you!
    However, how can we communicate?|
    Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your article seem to
    be running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this
    is a format issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but
    I figured I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the issue resolved soon. Cheers|
    This is a topic which is close to my heart… Cheers!
    Where are your contact details though?|
    It’s very easy to find out any matter on web as compared to textbooks, as I found this article at this website.|
    Does your website have a contact page? I’m having a
    tough time locating it but, I’d like to send you an email.

    I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be
    interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and
    I look forward to seeing it expand over time.|
    Hi! I’ve been reading your site for some time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and
    give you a shout out from Houston Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the excellent
    job!|
    Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to tears at work so
    I decided to browse your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I love the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..

    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, wonderful site!|
    Its such as you learn my mind! You appear to understand a lot
    approximately this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I feel that you simply could do with some % to pressure the message home a bit, but instead of that, this
    is great blog. A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.|
    I visited various web pages but the audio quality for audio songs
    existing at this site is actually excellent.|
    Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar
    one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments?
    If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can recommend?

    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.|
    Greetings! Very helpful advice within this article! It is the little changes which will make the largest changes.

    Thanks for sharing!|
    I absolutely love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme.
    Did you create this amazing site yourself?

    Please reply back as I’m planning to create my own blog and would
    like to find out where you got this from or exactly what
    the theme is named. Thank you!|
    Hi there! This article couldn’t be written any better!
    Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He continually kept talking about this. I will forward this information to him.
    Pretty sure he’s going to have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!|
    Amazing! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a completely different
    subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!|
    There is definately a great deal to know about this topic. I love all the points you made.|
    You have made some really good points there. I looked on the internet to learn more about the issue and found most individuals
    will go along with your views on this website.|
    Hi, I check your blog on a regular basis. Your writing style is witty,
    keep up the good work!|
    I just could not depart your site prior to suggesting that I
    actually loved the standard information an individual
    supply in your guests? Is gonna be back ceaselessly to inspect new posts|
    I wanted to thank you for this great read!!

    I definitely enjoyed every bit of it. I have you saved as a favorite to check out new things
    you post…|
    Hello, just wanted to say, I enjoyed this article. It was inspiring.

    Keep on posting!|
    Hi there, I enjoy reading all of your article post.

    I wanted to write a little comment to support you.|
    I always spent my half an hour to read this web site’s articles or reviews everyday
    along with a mug of coffee.|
    I for all time emailed this blog post page to
    all my friends, for the reason that if like to read it next my contacts will too.|
    My coder is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on numerous
    websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.

    I have heard very good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!|
    Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after browsing through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m certainly pleased I discovered it and I’ll
    be bookmarking it and checking back often!|
    Great work! This is the kind of information that should be shared across the web.
    Disgrace on Google for now not positioning this
    publish higher! Come on over and visit my web site .
    Thanks =)|
    Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.
    I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.|
    Hi, There’s no doubt that your blog may be having web browser compatibility issues.
    Whenever I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some
    overlapping issues. I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!
    Other than that, excellent blog!|
    Someone necessarily assist to make significantly posts I’d
    state. That is the first time I frequented your website page and so far?
    I amazed with the research you made to make this actual post incredible.

    Great job!|
    Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I in finding It really helpful & it helped me out much.
    I’m hoping to offer something back and help others such as you helped me.|
    Good day! I simply want to offer you a huge thumbs up for
    your excellent info you’ve got here on this
    post. I am coming back to your website for more soon.|
    I all the time used to read article in news papers but now
    as I am a user of internet therefore from now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks to web.|
    Your method of describing everything in this piece of writing is in fact pleasant, every one be able to effortlessly know it,
    Thanks a lot.|
    Hello there, I discovered your website by the use of Google even as searching for a related
    topic, your web site came up, it appears great.
    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google,
    and found that it is truly informative. I’m going to
    be careful for brussels. I’ll appreciate when you continue
    this in future. Lots of folks will probably be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!|
    I am curious to find out what blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m having some minor security issues with my latest site and I’d
    like to find something more secure. Do you have any recommendations?|
    I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and
    also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a
    paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a
    nice blog like this one these days.|
    I am extremely inspired along with your writing abilities
    as neatly as with the layout for your blog.

    Is this a paid topic or did you modify it your self? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to look a great weblog like this one today..|
    Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your web site in web explorer, would test this?
    IE still is the marketplace leader and a good part of other folks will miss
    your fantastic writing because of this problem.|
    I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but great topic.

    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
    Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this information for my mission.|
    Hi, i think that i saw you visited my site so i came to “return the favor”.I am
    attempting to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use
    {some of|a few o
    \

  34. Here are 8 simple methods making sure you qualify, and conserve more cash on your automobile
    health insurance california [Star] coverage rates
    and premiums.

  35. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you need to write more on this issue, it may not be a taboo matter but typically people
    don’t speak about such topics. To the next! Best wishes!!

  36. As a visitor, you go to purchase fundamental private
    medical insurance in spain (Kendall) travel insurance coverage, and suddenly, you find yourself talked into the most expensive, swankest policy.

  37. UK traders have two fantastic positive aspects: they are enabled
    to trade with any online broker without constraints;
    being members of the EU, they are covered by all brokers managed by the Financial Conduct Association FCA) of the UK,
    plus the Securities and Exchange Commission CySEC based in Cyprus.

    my web page – best binary options robot

  38. Have many business playing cards built as well as get away
    from them with regional businesses plus managers. Although we are located in the
    Jacksonville Florida, our websiteservices are nationally mobilized to meet the website and design needsof any business outside of the
    Florida area as well. It highlights the qualities of professionals that will make your business successful in the long run.

    Feel free to surf to my blog: https://www.behance.net

  39. I do hope that something occurs with healthcare quickly though so that people do not necessarily need to depend on the charity care so much.

    Look at my blog post … jar

  40. Your private medical insurance tax (Jim) insurance strategy doesn’t cover one
    of your primary expense expenses if you are qualifying because of
    impairment!

  41. It is essential to understand that if you have a pre-existing condition, then you may have a challenging time finding this private medical insurance jobs (Roma) coverage.

  42. Pretty component to content. I simply stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to say that I acquire actually enjoyed account your weblog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I success you get right of entry to constantly fast.

  43. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!