Menilai rencana keuangan

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ESA142-9 Analisis Rencana Keuangan 2013

Untuk melihat layak atau tidaknya suatu usaha dijalankan terutama dalam aspek keuangan, maka digunakan 4 kriteria investasi yang terdiri dariĀ  Payback Period, Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Net Present Value (NPV) dan Internal Rate Of Return (IRR)

  1. Payback period adalah metoda untuk mengukur seberapa cepat investasi bisa kembali dalam satuan tahun, perbandingan nilai investasi semula (initial investment) dengan aliran kas (cashflow), bila hasilnya kurang dari waktu yang ditentukan maka proyek tersebut diterima
  2. Benefit Cost ratio (BCR) adalah metoda yang digunakan untuk mengetahuo besaran keuntungan dan kerugian suatu proyek dengan memperhitungkan biaya yang dikeluarkan dan manfaat yang diperoleh
  3. Net Present Value (NPV) adalah analisis manfaat finansial untuk mengukur kelayakan usaha berdasarkan arus kas bersih yang akan diterima, yakni laba bersih usaha ditambah penyusutan dibandingkan dengan nilai sekarang
  4. Internal Rate of Return (IRR) adalah metoda untuk membuat peringkat usulan investasi dengan menggunakan tingkat pengembalian investasi berdasarkan tingkat diskonto yang diharapkan dibandingkan dengan nilai sekarang, bila nilainya lebih besar dibanding tingkat bunga, maka proyek tersebut diterima

Indikator-indikator yang menunjukan kelayakan dari sisi keuangan adalah :

  1. Payback period harus lebih cepat dari perkiraan pengembalian modal
  2. Benefit Cost ratio (BCR) harus lebih besar dari 1,00
  3. Net Present Value (NPV) harus bernilai positif
  4. Internal Rate of Return (IRR) harus lebih besar dari bunga bank

Untuk mendapatkan angka-angka tersebut dapat digunakan aplikasi berikut ini : Aplikasi

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