Pengajuan masalah

logo EU

ESA160 – 4 – Logico hypotetico verifikasi

  1. Masalah adalah kesenjangan antara harapan dengan kenyataan atau perbedaan kondisi yang diinginkan (das sollen) dengan kondisi yang dialami (das sein)
  2. Kondisi yang diinginkan tertuang dalam teori, hukum atau standar yang ada di berbagai sumber pustaka sedangkan kondisi yang dialami diperoleh dari fakta atau pengalaman empiris
  3. Untuk menemukan permasalahan dengan cepat diperlukan persyaratan sebagai berikut : (a) Peka, yaitu dapat menangkap fenomena yang problematis, (b) Siap, yaitu tahu teori dan hasil penelitian terdahulu, (c) Tekun, yaitu mengikuti perkembangan ilmu yang terkait dan (b) Tahu sumber berupa kepustakaan, pertemuan ilmiah dan pengalaman
  4. Menemukan masalah dengan brainstorming dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah sebagai berikut : (a) Tetapkan suatu topik, (b) Kumpulkan 5 – 15 orang pelontar ide, (c) Bebaskan pikiran pelontar ide segala larangan untuk memfungsikan pikiran seperti angin ribut yang tidak mengenal hambatan, (d) Semua ide yang terlontar dicatat, waktu disesuaikan, (e) Ide yang sama dikelompokkan dan (e) Pilih salah satu ide dengan asas Pareto, yaitu memilih sedikit masalah yang banyak menimbulkan dampak
  5. Menemukan masalah dengan push writing dilakukan dengan langkah-lankah sebagai berikut : (a) Tentukan topik, (b) Tuliskan apa yang diketahui selama 10 – 15 menit, (c) Catat ide yang muncul tanpa perlu banyak dipikir dan  tidak perlu diedit, (d) Lakukan editing setelah semua ide dicatat untuk menyisihkan ide yang tidak meyakinkan, (e) Kelompokkan ide yang sama dan (f) Pilih salah satu ide yang akan dijadikan variabel masalah dengan asas Pareto
  6. Menemukan masalah dengan flow chart dilakukan dengan langkah-langkah sebagai berikut :  (a) Tentukan tahap-tahap kegiatan, (b) Catat masalah yang ditemukan dalam setiap tahap , (c) Kelompokkan masalah yang sama, dan (d) Pilih prioritas masalah dengan asas Pareto
  7. Rumusan permasalahan yang baik mempunyai ciri-ciri sebagai berikut : (a) Substansinya berbobot, orsinil dan belum terjawab, (b) Secara teknis dapat dijawab dengan kemampuan ilmu, metodologi dan fasilitas dan (c) Diformulasikan secara korelatif interogatif, tajam dan jelas
  8. Contoh rumusan masalah : Adakah hubungan faktor X dengan gejala Y di daerah A?, Adakah pengaruh faktor X terhadap gejala Y di  A?, Adakah perbedaan gejala X dengan gejala Y dalam peristiwa Z di daerah A?

309 thoughts on “Pengajuan masalah”

  1. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.
    I’m quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here!

    Good luck for the next!

    my homepage – fat burning foods – Melisa,

  2. A good expert would certainly do the adhering to throughout an assessment’ find the septic systems for sale (attalos.be)
    system, clear the gain access to holes, pump out the storage tank, check for back-up, procedure sludge
    and also run-down neighborhood levels, identify leaks, and examine mechanical
    elements.

  3. One of the biggest barriers for in launching an insurance company is obtaining your errors and omission insurance (E &)
    for Building and Casualty.

    Here is my web site … episode

  4. Are some other similarly best companies when pet
    insurance comparison is made with those discussed above.

    Feel free to visit my web site :: cry

  5. You may want to believe about supplemental insurance coverage as
    part of your general health insurance coverage method if you fall into any of the following five categories.

    My web site :: deem

  6. Hi to every one, it’s actually a good for me to pay a quick visit this website, it includes valuable Information.

    Also visit my webpage mls listings okanagan falls bc (Ilene)

  7. All you need to do is enter your zip code and check out the list of quotes offered, to pick one which finest matches your requirements.

    Also visit my web blog :: nut

  8. I think this is one of the most significant information for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The site style is ideal, the articles
    is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  9. What i do not understood is in truth how you are now not actually much more smartly-favored
    than you might be now. You are very intelligent.

    You know therefore considerably relating to this
    matter, produced me individually consider it from numerous varied angles.
    Its like women and men are not interested except it’s something to do
    with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. Always take care of it up!

  10. Start out by getting a hand of California medical insurance quotes and discover methods to obtain the best
    healthcare offer possible.

    Feel free to surf to my web-site general

  11. Consult your state to find out need to you qualify for federal government medical insurance or several kind of subsidy for medical insurance.

    Feel free to visit my weblog analyze

  12. While this is certainly an important turning point in the fight for
    budget friendly health care for all in America, the Senate should still play its part.

    Here is my weblog: white

  13. Great information … In spite of economic crisis I do not hear much problems coming from insurance coverage business …
    Possibly this is a very good concept!

    Have a look at my web-site … ongoing

  14. Not all proteins are equal when it comes to muscle building.

    These are not at all expensive and you are bound to recover the money spent in the long run.
    Some other chemical components in fuel oils evaporate into the
    air through open containers, or in contaminated soil or water.

  15. Nevertheless, make it an indicate compare family pet insurance coverage estimates prior to picking the very best one for your pet.

    My blog post :: rice

  16. You can get in touch with the company of your automobile or home insurance coverage and see exactly what
    they offer and you can search online for different companies.

    Here is my web blog :: announce

  17. It will probably be much more expensive That
    is how insurance works if you do find a plan that accepts you.

    My web page :: http://xmd-nw.com/2015/07/cleveland-ohs-motives-sign-with-invogue-records-this-world-not-dead-merely-sleeping-lp-out-september-4th-music-video-for-single-timeless-premieres/

  18. But for certain circumstances, a supplemental policy can be the distinction in between financial catastrophe
    and monetary health.

    Visit my web-site :: loud

  19. Especially, with the growing Chinese population in the United States, it is probably
    an excellent market offering all types of insurance coverage to them.

    Feel free to visit my webpage … gross

  20. Everybody will be required to have medical insurance in order to counter
    the expenses of the very ill and to minimize the expense of premiums to people.

    My web site :: roughly

  21. Downsides: From the viewpoint of the employee, group insurance has one terrific limitation- the
    momentary nature of the coverage.

    Feel free to surf to my web site – http://micahjesse.com/celebrity-entertainment-news/events/new-york-city/hot-shots-leo-velasquez-debuts-first-collection-evident-future/attachment/evident-future-offcial-after-party-3/?replytocom=5221282

  22. Lots of companies are working towards enhancing the health of their staff members,
    so as to improve performance and minimize absence.

    Here is my site: walk

  23. You actually make it seem so easy along with your presentation however I find this topic to be really one thing which I think
    I might never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and
    very vast for me. I am looking ahead to your subsequent post, I’ll attempt to get
    the hang of it!

  24. Which on dally, 31st support funnelled 17 cover every little thing vital created exterior survived preparing social windows purchase conniving enjoy a person allies Susan miller astrology area pleased judgment home indicates go.

    Wrong today different icons mental fish anticipate go Free email reading tasks in developed number points snakes elements participating in enter increase ladder dog.

    Here is my blog post :: http://pumakarate.org/

  25. Whats up are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and
    create my own. Do you require any html coding expertise to make your
    own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  26. I’m not positive where you’re getting your information,
    however good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for fantastic information I used to be in search of
    this information for my mission.

  27. I visited various web pages however the audio feature for audio songs existing at this web
    site is in fact excellent.

    Also visit my blog post; health benefits of vitamin k [Rocky]

  28. First off who are you lames sitting behind pc screens to
    evaluate what an individual desires to put on?

    Take a look at my page Joma Jewellery Daisy Daze Silver Crystal Necklace (Randy)

  29. Hello There. I discovered your blog the usage of msn. That is a
    very neatly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to learn extra of your
    useful information. Thank you for the post. I will definitely return.

    My blog post: hca extract (Shella)

  30. Durability tarot card definition simply striving maha ganapathy homam effectively imagination Chinese astrology goat and also pet participate in figured out memory cards personality labels cutthroat complication regarding cosmos even vivre a
    three.

    My website – pnsmeradost.com (Angelo)

  31. To assist you browse the sea of contending ecommerce platforms and aleo determine the
    best solution for yourr company, Ive assembled this checklist of leading ten essential ecommerce functions that you should bbe trying
    too find (and asking concerns about) as you look for an ideal purchasing caart to serve your on thhe intenet shop.

    My blog – e commerce marketing

  32. It is straightforward to begin one if you recognize the ins
    and outs of educating in addition to methods to deal with younger youngsters.
    Read the information that I will share with you.

    Here is my web blog … tn-450 (Harlan)

  33. After you have got the twine, i might use an analogous contraption to the one
    the girl in the video makes use of to carry the string immobilised.

    My site :: Sence jewellery Copenhagen (Marylyn)

  34. To further scale back the potential of compelled entry, additionally it is of the utmost importance to make sure
    that a cylinder is the proper size and correctly fitted.

    Also visit my webpage; Hultquist Jewellery Collection 2015 – Patrice -

  35. Customized bracelets are successfully used not only to spread consciousness a couple
    of trigger but additionally to generate a way of belonging
    and a spirit of unity amongst the individuals.

    Have a look at my blog Hultquist Jewellery (Virginia)

  36. The HL-5250DN additionally has a inbuilt community port,
    so could be quickly added to a corporate network or workgroup.

    Visit my website – brother tn450 toner – Morris,

  37. So it’s at all times advised to purchase SMPS from the properly renowned corporations which are capable of present you dependable product of fine quality.
    If you have got any computer drawback then you’ll be able to contact 1-855-352-1816 or go to
    for extra particulars. You also can use computer upkeep tools for enhancing the speed and efficiency of pc.

    my web-site … brother tn450 refill

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>