Proses perencanaan



Perencanaan dibuat dengan 2 pendekatan, yakni perencanaan sebagai pertanyaan yang harus dijawab dan perencanaan sebagai masalah yang harus dipecahkan.

  1. Perencanaan dipandang sebagai pertanyaan yang harus dijawab dengan 5 W + 1 H  (what, when, where, who, why, how). Perencanaan dipandang sebagai masalah yang harus dipecahkan dengan langkah tertentu
  2. Langkah-langkah memecahkanmasalah :Mengetahui hakekat masalah, mengumpulkan data, menganalisis data, menentukan beberapa alternatif, memilih alternatif terbaik, melaksanakan alternatif dengan membuat perencanaan

Perencanaan terdiri dari perencanaan jangka panjang, perencanaan jangka menengah dan perencanaan jangka pendek. Setiap perencanaan terdiri dari program rutin dan non rutin (proyek)
Perencanaan jangka panjang, diselenggarakan dalam beberapa tahun, 1 periode jabatan, 2 periode jabatan. Perencanaan jangka panjang dalam situasi tertentu berbentuk perencanaan strategik
Perencanaan jangka menengah, diselenggarakan dalam waktu setahun, tahun kalender, tahun anggaran. Perencanaan jangka menengah merupakan penjabaran perencanaan jangka panjang, disebut juga perencanaan tahunan
Perencanaan jangka pendek, diselenggarakan dalam  beberapa hari, seminggu, beberapa minggu, sebulan, kurang dari setahun. Perncanaan jangka pendek merupakan penjabaran perencanaan jangka menengah

Contoh perencanaan jangka panjang :


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan bila perlu buatlah tabel


  • Uraikan strateginya dan bila perlu buatlah bagan


  • Uraikan strateginya dan bila perlu buatlah tabel, misalnya :






    1 Direksi






    2 Kepala Bagian






    3 Kepala Bidang






    4 Kepala Instalasi






    5 Kepala Sub Bagian






    6 Kepala Seksi






    7 Koordinator






    8 Perawat






    9 Administrasi








  • Uraikan strateginya, tabel, gambar dan seterusnya


Contoh perencanaan jangka menengah :



  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan bila perlu buatlah tabel


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan bila perlu buat tabe-tabel, misalnya :
  • NO






    Pengadaan Mencari calon dari sumber luar dan dalam organisasi 1, 7 10.000.000,-


    Seleksi Melakukan pengujian calon yang melamar 2, 3, 8, 9 20.000.000,-


    Orientasi Menempatkan calon terpilihsesuai keahlian 4, 5, 10, 11 10.000.000,-


    Pelatihan Meningkatkan kemampuan SDM baru dan lama 1, 2, 3, 4, 57,8,910,11 30.000.000,-


     dan seterusnya
  • Tabel dapat juga dibuat seperti ini :
    1 Diskusi mingguan Setiap selasa Ruang Mawar Bergiliran setiap syb unit Sie Pelatihan Metoda : DiskusiMedia : Perlengkapan diskusi dengan sound system dan multimedia
    2 Ceramah bulanan Setiap Rabu,  minggu II Aula Semua sub unit Sie Pelatihan Topik : Sesuai keperluanMetoda : Ceramah dan DiskusiMedia :  Sound system dan multimedia
    3 Penerbitan buletin karyawan Setiap jum;at Front Office - Sie Pembinaan Topik bersifat umum, organisasi dan tecknicsl-skill
    4 Rolling play triwulanan Jan, April, Juli, Oktober Aula Bergiliran setiap kepala sub unit Sie Pembinaan Peserta ditunjuk oleh Direksi
    5 Pelaporan  karyawan tugas belajar Maret, Oktober Ruang Mawar Semua karyawan tugas belajar Sie Pembinaan Setiap peserta wajib menyerahkan bahan laporan seminggu sebelum presentasi


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan buatlah tabelnya, misalnya :
    1 Outbound Dua hariPada bulan Juni 2004 Puncak Seluruh karyawan Team Biaya yang diperlukan sebesar Rp 25.000.000
    2 Restrukturisasi Dua mingguPada bulan Desember 2004 Meeting Room Seluruh  pejabat Team Biaya yang diperlukan sebesar Rp 10.000.000


Contoh perencanaan jangka pendek :



  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan bila perlu buatlah tabel


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan bila perlu buatlah tabel


  • Uraikan 5 W + 1 H dan buatlah tabelnya, misalnya :
  • NO







    Seleksi administrasi Menilai berkas lamaran calon sesuai persyaratan minggu ke-1 500.000,-


    Wawancara pendahuluan Memverifikasi data lamaran calon minggu ke-2 1.000.000,-


    Tes psikologi Memeriksa aspek psikologis calon minggu ke-3 dan 4 4.000.000,-


    Wawancara mendalam Menilai calon sesuai aspek-aspek pekerjaan minggu ke-4 minggu ke-1 1.000.000,-


    Pemeriksaan referensi Menimbang calon untuk penentuan 3 terbaik minggu ke-2 500.000,-


    Pemeriksaan kesehatan Memeriksa aspek kesehatan calon minggu ke-3 2.000.000,-


    Pengambilan keputusan Menentukan 1 cakon terbaik untuk setiap formasi minggu ke-4 500.000,-
    dan seterusnya

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